NISFU SHA’BAN – Hikahangpu’ Taglima Duum Sin Bulan Sha’ban

tausug-nisfu-shaban

By Abulkhair AsShafie

In nisfu sha’ban amuna in hikahangpu’ taglima duum sin bulan sha’ban amuna in duum ini, in duum ini hambuuk daing ha mga duum hipuh sin kaampunan iban rahmat sin Allah iban duum hiyalgaan sin Allahu ta’ala iban sin Rasul nya iban in duum ini jiyarih kymo sin shara’ in magpataud kw sin ibadat mo bya na sin pagbassa quran, pagzikir, pagtasbih, pagduwa’a, pagsarakka iban unu2 na hinang marayaw.

روى عن عطاء بن يسار رضي الله عنه أنه قال: ما من ليلة بعد ليلة القدر أفضل من ليلة نصف شعبان

Riwayat daing kan atha’ bin yasar bunnal tuud in sya nagbyta: wayruun na daing ha hambuuk duum puas sin laylatul qadar labi mahalga daing ha duum sin nisfu sha’ban.

و عن معاذ بن جبل رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال: يطلع الله إلى جميع خلقه ليلة النصف من شعبان فيغفر لجميع خلقه إلا لمشرك أو مشاحن. رواه الطبراني و صححه بن حبان

Daing kan mu’az bin jabal (ra) daing ha Nabi Muhammad (saw) nagsabda: Umatud in Allah pa katan piyapanjari niya ha duum nisfu sha’ban ampa niya ampunun in katan piyapanjari niya malaingkan (dih niya ampunun) in mushrik atawa tao nagbabanta (nagdudugal-dyugali). [Hadith Saheeh]

و عن أبي هريرة رضي الله تعالى عنه أنه قال: قال عليه الصلاة و السلام: أتاني جبريل ليلة النصف من شعبان و قال: يا محمد هذه ليلة تفتح فيها أبواب السماء و أبواب الرحمة، فقم و صل و ارفع رأسك و يديك إلى السماء، فقلت يا جبرائيل: ما هذه الليلة؟ فقال هذه ليلة يفتح فيها ثلاثمائة باب من الرحمة، فيغفر الله تعالى لجميع من لا يشرك بالله شيئا إلا من كان ساحرا أو كاهنا أو مشاحنا أو مدمن خمر أو مصرا على الزنا أو آكل الربا أو عاق الوالدين أو النمام أو قاطع الرحم، فإن هؤلاء لا يغفر لهم حتى يتوبوا و يتركوا، فخرج النبي عليه الصلاة و السلام فصلى و بكى في سجوده و هو يقول: اللهم إني أعوذ بك من عقابك و سخطك …….

Daing kan abu hurairah (ra) bunnal tuud in siya nagbyta, nagsabda in Rasul (saw): Dimatung mari kako hi jibril ha duum nisfu sha’ban iban in agi nya: Yaa Muhammad in duum ini ukabun halauman niya in kalawang-lawangan sin langit iban kalawang-lawangan sin Rahmat, na tindug nkw iban pagsambhayang nkw iban angkata in O (head) mo iban 2 lima mo pa langit (pangayuh nkw duwa’a),

In agih ko Yaa Jibril: unu in duum ini? Na in jawab nya: in duum ini ukabun halauman nya in 300 lawang daing ha Rahmat, na umampun in Allahu ta’ala pa katan amuin way nagshirik pa Allah unu2 na buat malaingkan (in dih ampunun) amuna in kaunan nya nag-iilmu Sihir, atawa magpuputika-putika (manghuhula, magzozodiac sign) atawa nagbabanta, atawa mag-iinum alak, atawa magjijina, atawa magkakaun Riba’, atawa mangi addat pa 2 maas, atawa magfifitnah-fitnah, atawa mangbubugtu’ sin kasilasa, karna bunnal tuud in mga sila yn dih sila ampunun sahingga magtawbat sila iban tinggalan nla na in kakahinang nla,

Na gimuwa na in Nabi (saw) ampa sya simambhayang iban timangis siya ha sujud nya ha in siya nagduduwa’a: Yaa Allah bunnal tuud in ako magpatilibun ako kymo daing ha siksa mo iban dugal mo. . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ha kaibanan pa riwayat ha ut sin magrib iban isha in lugay sin sujud sin rasul nakahuna-huna mga in asawa nya sin nawapat na in rasul.

Mura2han madawhat natuh in rahmat iban kaampunan sin Allah ha duum ini iban pindahun nya in kahalan natuh pa sarayaw rayaw pa kahalan. Ameeeen!!!

Wallahu ‘alam!!!

UMMAT ISLAM MAGKASILASA 

Celebrating the 15th Night of Sha`ban

Question: For a long time now, we have been accustomed to celebrating the night of mid-Sha`ban by gathering the residents of the village — old and young, women, and children — in the mosque for the Maghrib Prayer (Sunset Prayer). Afterwards, we recite Surat Yasin three times, make supplications from the Qur’an, and pray to Allah for Islam and Muslims after each recitation. In the past, we used to make the supplications usually made on the night of mid-Sha`ban audibly and in a congregation; however, we have since replaced these with supplications from the noble Qur’an. What is the ruling of Islam regarding celebrating the night of mid-Sha`ban in this manner?2. We celebrate different religious occasions, such as Laylat al-Qadr, Laylat al-Isra` wa al-Mi’raj, the birth of the noble Prophet (pbuh), and so forth by gathering a group of sheikhs and scholars to deliver some religious lectures on these occasions. We also hold some religious competitions and litanies, fix loudspeakers both inside and outside the mosque, and hang lights outside the mosque for decoration. Sometimes, we videotape the celebration; seat the scholars behind a table facing the audience in the mosque; offer some drinks and sweets; and honor those who have memorized the noble Qur’an, their teachers, and the hardworking mosque workers. What is the ruling of Islam concerning this manner of celebration?

Answer: 

Wa `alaykum as-Salamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear brother, thank you for your question.

It is permissible to celebrate religious occasions, among which the night of mid-Sha`ban, as long as there are no impermissible practices. It is neither offensive nor an innovation.

Responding to your question, Dr. `Ali Gum`ah, the Grand Mufti of Egypt, stated,

First, the night of mid-Sha`ban is a blessed night. There are numerous hadiths which strengthen one another (and are, thus, elevated to the degree of being fair and strong) and which establish the merits of this night. Therefore, commemorating this night is, undoubtedly, lawful regardless of the fact that these hadiths may be weak or fabricated.

Hadiths on the virtue of the night of mid-Sha`ban:

  1. `A`ishah, the Mother of Believers (may Allah be pleased with her), said:”One night, I did not find the Prophet in his bed, so I went out searching for him and found him at Al-Baqi` cemetery with his head raised towards the sky. He said:‘O ‘A`ishah! Were you afraid that Allah and His Messenger would treat you unfairly?‘ I said, ‘No, I thought you had gone to spend the night with one of your (other) wives’. He said: ‘Allah Almighty descends to the lowest heaven on the night of mid-Sha`ban and forgives more people than the number of hairs on the hides of the sheep of Bani Kalb.” (At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, and Ahmad)
  2. Mu`adh Ibn Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “On the night of mid-Sha`ban, Allah looks at His creation and forgives all of them except for the polytheist and the quarrelsome.” (At-Tabarani and Ibn Hibban who declared it authentic)
  3. `Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Perform the night vigil prayers on the night of mid-Sha`ban and fast its day (i.e., the day preceding it) for Allah descends to the lowest heaven at sunset of that night and says: ‘Is there any one asking for forgiveness that I may forgive him? Is there any one asking for sustenance that I may grant him sustenance? Is there any one under trial that I may relieve him? Is there any such-and-such…, is there any such-and-such?’ And so forth until the beak of dawn.” (Ibn Majah)

There is no objection to audibly recite surat Ya-Sin three times after the Maghrib Prayer in congregation because this is considered part of commemorating this night. As for the making dhikr (remembrance of Allah), the matter is open; it is permissible to designate certain places and times to regularly perform good deeds as long as this is not considered obligatory and thus a sin to neglect them.

`Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) said: “Every Saturday, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to go to Qiba’ Mosque either on foot or riding” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

In Fath Al-Bari, Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar stated:

In spite of having different chains of transmissions, this hadith proves the permissibility of designating specific days to regularly perform certain good deeds.

In Lata’if al-Ma’`rif Al-Hafiz Ibn Rajab said: “The scholars of Ash-Sham differed over the manner of celebrating this night:

  • The first opinion is that it is commendable to celebrate this night by assembling in mosques. Khalid Ibn Ma`dan, Luqman Ibn `Amir, and others used to wear their finest clothes, use incense, and line their eyes with kohl to celebrate this night in the mosque. Ishaq Ibn Rahawiyah approved of this.

Concerning commemorating this night in congregation in the mosque, he said, “This is not an innovation.” Al-Karmani cited this opinion in his Masa’il.

  • The second opinion is that it is offensive to gather in mosques on this night to perform (special) prayers, narrate moral stories, and make supplications. It is not offensive for one to pray individually on this night. This is the opinion of Al-Awza`i, the imam, jurist, and scholar of the people of Ash-Sham.

Based on this, it is permissible to celebrate the night of mid-Sha`ban in the aforementioned manner; it is neither an innovation nor is it offensive provided that it is not deemed an obligation. However, if it is considered obligatory to the extent of obligating others to observe it and accusing those who do not participate in its commemoration of committing a sin, it is then an innovation because they obligate what neither Allah nor His Messenger have made obligatory.

This is why there were some people among the predecessors who maintained the offensiveness of commemorating this night in congregation. Therefore, if this obligation is non-existent, then there is no offensiveness attached to it.

Second, it is commendable to celebrate different religious occasions provided they do not include anything unlawful. The command to remind people to observe ‘the days of Allah‘ has been mentioned in the Shari`ah, (…and remind them of the Days of Allah…) (Ibrahim 14: 5)

It is also included in the magnanimous Sunnah— it has been reported in the Sahih of Muslim that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast every Monday. He said: “I was born on this day.”

Likewise, Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both) narrated: “When Allah’s Messenger came to Madinah, he found the Jews fasting on the day of `Ashura’. So he asked, ‘What is (the significance) this day you are fasting?‘ They replied, ‘It is a day of great significance. On this day Allah delivered Musa and his people (from their enemy) and drowned Pharaoh and his army — so Musa fasted this day out of gratitude to Allah. Therefore, we, also, fast on this day.’ The Messenger of Allah then said: ‘We have more right to Musa than you.‘ So the Messenger of Allah fasted on this day and commanded (Muslims) to fast it.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Based on this, it is lawful to celebrate religious occasions in the aforementioned manner — it is neither offensive nor an innovation.

Rather, such celebrations are by way of honoring the rites of Allah Almighty, (…and whoever respects the signs of Allah, this surely is (the outcome) of the piety of hearts…) (Al-Hajj 22: 32)

Allah Almighty knows best.

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