Dain Ha Mga Kalabbiyan Sin Yawmul Arafa

kalabbihan sin yawmul arafa

By Al-Quran Bahasa Sinug

Alhamdulillaahi wahda wa assalatu assalamu ala man la nabiya ba’dahu

Aala kulli hal, hambuuk dain ha mga nihma al-adzima amuna in iyabut pa sin umur sin kita in adlaw dain ha mga sarayw-rayw adlaw napinig sin Allaah, amuin hipu in karaywan mahasil sin ipun niya, ay duun ha huminang sin kasusuban saltah karidaan sin tuhan niya saltah karidaan iban kasusuban niya.

Dain ha mga bilangan saltah hambuuk dain ha mga salaggu-laggu ibadat mahinang sin ipun niya ha adlaw niya (Yawmul Arafah) amuna in pag-puasa dun kaniya, sabda sin Rasulullaah (salawat iban salam kaniya sin Allaah:

عن أبي قتادة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم سئل عن صوم يوم عرفة فقال :

” يكفر السنة الماضية والسنة القابلة ”

رواه مسلم
Kiyariwayat hi Abu Qatada (kiyaridaan sia sin Allaah), sabunnal tuud in Rasulullaah (salawat iban salam kaniya sin Allaah) naasubu ha tungud sin pag puasa dun ha Yawmul Arafah, in agi niya: “In pag-puasa ha Adlaw Arafah in ini mangifarati sin dusa sin limabay tahun iban sin sungun.”

Imam Muslim

Malainkan in dusa tyutat di sin sarah’ amuna in dusa sibi-sibi saja, walaupun in dusa dakula (kabair) in ini suby tuud magpatuunan sin pag tawbat sa mata-mata, agi shi shiekul Islam ibn Taimiyyah Rahimahullaah:

صح عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال : صيام يوم عرفة يكفر سنتين ، وصيام يوم عاشوراء يكفر سنة . لكن إطلاق القول بأنه يكفِّر ، لا يوجب أن يكفر الكبائر بلا توبة

Kiyariwayat ha saheeh dain ha Rasulullaah (salawat iban salam kniya sin Allaah) in pag puasa ha yawmul arafah mangiparati sin duwa tahun (dusa) iban in pag puasa ha yamul ashoora mangiparati dusa hangkatahun, malaingkan in qaul itlakan, bkun magma’nahi makifarat niya in dusa dakula ha wayrun sampurnah pagtawbat duun kaniya.

Mukhtasar al-Fataawa al-Masriyyah, 1/254

Unu in hukuman niya?

In pag-puasa ha yawmul arafah in ini sunnah muakkadah ha mga sila wayrun nag hajj, in dalil tinggilan sin kta amuna in haadith nabatbat ha taas yan, saltah nainumpung in mga sila jumhoor ha hukuman na in sia (pag-puasa ha yawmul arafah) Sunnah muakkadah.

قال النووي رحمه الله في “المجموع” (6/428) ـ من كتب الشافعية ـ
” أما حكم المسألة فقال الشافعي والأصحاب : يستحب صوم يوم عرفة لغير من هو بعرفة .
وأما الحاج الحاضر في عرفة فقال الشافعي في المختصر والأصحاب : يستحب له فطره لحديث أم الفضل . وقال جماعة من أصحابنا : يكره له صومه , وممن صرح بكراهته الدارمي والبندنيجي والمحاملي في المجموع والمصنف في التنبيه وآخرون ” انتهى

Agi hi Imam Nawawi Rahimahullaah ha mahjmoo dain ha kitab As-safi’iyya:

Ampa ha tungud sin hukuman ha tungud sin halan (pag-puasa ha Adlaw arafah), Imam shafi’ee iban sin pangabay nia namung, Mustahab mamuasa ha adlaw arafah duun ha amuin wayrun sia duun (bukun hadir) ha arafah, malainkan ha tungud sin mag hahaj amuin hadir duun ha arafah, agi hi imam shafi’e ibn sin pangabay niya ha Al-muhktasar, Mustahab duun kaniya (hujjaj) in di mamuasa, ha sabab sin haadith hi Umm al-Fadl, iban bilangan sin mga jama’ah namung: makrooh duun kniya (hujjaj) mamuasa (ha adlaw Arafah), dain ha mga jama’ah namung amuna hi, Al-daarimi, Albandajini, Al-muhamili ha majmoo iban ha al-musannaf fi tanbeeh.

Naasubu hi Shiek Uthaymin Rahimahullaah ha tungud sin hukuman sin pag-puasa ha adalaw arafah ha mga sila wayrun hadir ha arafah iban ha mga hujjaj (hadir duun ha arafah, in sambag niya:

صيام يوم عرفة لغير الحاج سنة مؤكدة ، فقد سئل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن صوم يوم عرفة فقال: ( أحتسب على الله أن يكفر السنة التي قبله والسنة التي بعده ) وفي رواية: ( يكفر السنة الماضية والباقية ) .
وأما الحاج فإنه لا يسن له صوم يوم عرفة ، لأن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان مفطراً يوم عرفة في حجة الوداع ، ففي صحيح البخاري عن ميمونة ـ رضي الله عنها ـ أن الناس شكوا في صيام النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يوم عرفة فأرسلت إليه بحلاب وهو واقف في الموقف فشرب منه والناس ينظرون ” انتهى

“مجموع فتاوى ابن عثيمين” ج 20 سؤال رقم 404

In Pag-puasa dun ha Yamul Arafah ha mga sila bkun hujjaj (maghahajji) in sia Sunnah Muakkadah, sabunnal tuud in Rasulullaah (salawat iban salam kaniya sin Allaah) naasubu tungud ha pagpuasa duun ha Yawmul Arafah, namung sia: In napangayu ku pa Allaah amuin mangiparati siya sin dusa sin limabay tahun iban sin dusa sin sungun tahun, ha dugaing riwayat, mangiparati dusa sin limabay tahun iban sungun.

Walaupun ha tungud sin mga sila hujjaj (maghahajji) bkun na sunnah kanila in mamuasa ha adlaw Arafah, sabab in Rasulullaah (salawati iban salam kaniya sin Allaah) wayrun namuasa ha adlaw arafah ha waktu sin hajjatul wada’, ha saheeh bukhari kyariwayat dain kan Maymoona (kiyaridaan sia sin Allaah) sabunnal in manusia bkun sila pariksa ha amuin bng nakapauasa in Rasul ha yawmul arafah, dain ha sabab ini piarahan niya in rasul gatas mainum ha waktu sia timitindug ha arafah, saltah minum dain didtu, ibn in mga tao imaatud kniya.

Majmoo Fatawa Ibn Uthaymin
Dain ha sabab ini makawa pangadjian sin kita in pag-puasa ha adlaw arafah in hukuman nia Sunnah muakkadah ha mga sila bkun na hadir duu ha Arafah, malainkan ha tungud sin mga sila Hujjaj (maghahajji) hadir duun ha Arafah in hukuman kaniya Makrooh, in bang sia mamausa.

mahuli kasi ibn lasa pa katan, wabillaahi tawfiki wal hidaya

الله أعلم

What are the Virtues of the Day of Arafaah ?

Praise be to Allaah.

1.                     It is the day on which the religion was perfected and Allaah’s Favour was completed.

In Al-Saheehayn it was reported from ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) that a Jewish man said to him, “O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, there is an aayah in your Book which you recite; if it had come to us Jews, we would have taken that day as an ‘Eid (festival).” ‘Umar said, “Which aayah?” He said: “This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” [al-Maa’idah 5:3 – interpretation of the meaning]. ‘Umar said, “We know on which day and in which place that was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It was when he was standing in ‘Arafaah on a Friday.”

2.                     It is a day of Eid for the people who are in that place.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Yawm ‘Arafaah (the day of ‘Arafaah),Yawm al-Nahr (the Day of Sacrifice) and Ayyaam al-Tashreeq (the 3 days following Yawm al-Nahr) are Eid (festival) for us, the people of Islam. These are days of eating and drinking.” This was narrated by the authors of al-Sunan. It was reported that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab said: “It – i.e., the aayah ‘This day I have perfected…’ was revealed on a Friday, the Day of ‘Arafaah, both of which – praise be to Allaah – are Eids for us.”

3.                     It is a day by which Allaah swore an oath.

The Almighty cannot swear by anything except that which is mighty. Yawm ‘Arafaah is the “witnessed day” mentioned in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

“By the witnessing day [Friday] and by the witnessed day [the Day of ‘Arafaah].” [al-Burooj 85:3].

It was reported from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The promised day is the Day of Resurrection, the witnessed day is the Day of ‘Arafaah, and the witnessing day is Friday.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.

It is the “odd” [i.e., odd-numbered, Witr] by which Allaah swore in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

And by the even and the odd” [al-Fajr 89:3]. Ibn ‘Abbaas said: “The even is the Day of al-Adhaa [i.e., 10th Dhoo’l-Hijjah] and the odd is the Day of ‘Arafaah [i.e., 9th Dhoo’l-Hijjah] This is also the view of ‘Ikrimah and al-Dahhaak.

4.                     Fasting on this day is an expiation for two years.

It was reported from Abu Qutaadah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about fasting on the Day of ‘Arafaah. He said, “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.” Narrated by Muslim.

This (fasting) is mustahabb for those who are not on Hajj. In the case of the one who is on Hajj, it is not Sunnah for him to fast on the Day of ‘Arafaah, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not fast on this day in ‘Arafaah. It was narrated that he forbade fasting on the Day of ‘Arafaah in ‘Arafaah.

5.                     It is the day on which Allaah took the covenant from the progeny of Adam.

It was reported that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah took the covenant from the loins of Adam in Na’maan, i.e., ‘Arafaah. He brought forth from his loins all his offspring and spread them before Him, then He addressed them, and said: ‘Am I not your Lord? They said, ‘Yes, we testify,’ let you should say on the Day of Resurrection: ‘Verily, we have been unaware of this.’ Or lest you should say: ‘It was only our fathers aforetime who took others as partners in worship along with Allaah, and we were (merely their) descendents after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practised Al-Baatil (i.e., ploytheism and committing crimes and sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allaah)?’ [al-A’raaf 7:172-173 – interpretation of the meaning].” Narrated by Ahmad and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani. And there is no greater day than this and no greater covenant than this.

6.                     It is the day of forgiveness of sins, freedom from the Fire and pride in the people who are there:

In Saheeh Muslim it was narrated from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no day on which Allaah frees more people from the Fire than the Day of ‘Arafaah. He comes close and expresses His pride to the angels, saying, ‘What do these people want?’”

 It was reported from Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah expresses His pride to His angels at the time of ‘Ishaa’ on the Day of ‘Arafaah, about the people of ‘Arafaah. He says, ‘Look at My slaves who have come unkempt and dusty.’” Narrated by Ahmad and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.

 And Allaah knows best.

http://islamqa.info/en/7284

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